Family Tree of the Adlers, Edwardses, Hogans, Lipscombes and Olivers

Henry Snowden (1811 - 1864), and Sophia Jaques (1814 - 1841)

Married: c1833, NSW, Australia

PARENTS   CHILDREN
Andrew Snowden
Born: 3 Nov 1771, Southwark, London, England
Christened: 1 Dec 1771, St George the Martyr, Southwark, London, England
Died: 1 Nov 1883, Parramatta, NSW, Australia
Buried: 2 Nov 1883, St John's Cemetery, Parramatta, NSW, Australia
Story


Sarah Darke
Born: c.1777, Gloucs, England
Christened: 22 Mar 1778, Gloucester St Michael, Gloucester, England
Died: 13 Jul 1828, Parramatta, NSW, Australia
Buried: 14 Jul 1828, St John's Cemetery, Parramatta, NSW, Australia
Story


 
Henry SNOWDEN
Born: 20 Oct 1811, Parramatta, NSW, Australia
Christened: 10 Jan 1813, St John's Church, Parramatta, NSW, Australia
Died: 3 May 1864, at sea, off Poor Knights Island, New Zealand
Story

Ancestors

1st family  2nd family  
 
Andrew Snowden
Born: 18 Apr 1834, Prospect, NSW, Australia
Christened: 2 Nov 1834, St John's Church, Parramatta, NSW, Australia
Died: c1849, Whangaroa, New Zealand

Ann Davis Snowden
Born: 17 Jul 1835, Parramatta, Vic, Australia
Christened: 28 Aug 1839, St John's Parramatta, NSW, Australia

Sarah Snowden
Born: 15 Oct 1837, Whangaroa, New Zealand
Died: 27 Nov 1918, Totara North, New Zealand
Buried: Totara North Cemetery, New Zealand

Mary Anne Snowden
Born: 17 Jul 1839, Whangaroa, New Zealand
Christened: 3 Nov 1839, Whangaroa, New Zealand
Died: c1888, Australia

Sophia Snowden
Born: 18 May 1841, Whangaroa, New Zealand
Christened: 14 Nov 1841, Whangaroa, New Zealand
Died: 24 Sep 1916, Totara North, New Zealand
Buried: 25 Sep 1916, Totara North Cemetery, New Zealand

 
Isaac Jacques
Born: 18th c.

Ann Bromley
Born: 18th c.

 
Sophia JAQUES
Born: c1814, Parramatta, NSW, Australia
Died: c1841, Whangaroa, New Zealand
Buried: Whangaroa, New Zealand



 
H. Snowden
Notes: was also known as Henry Davis Snowden
Source: Beryl Rooke, Vicki Smith.

S. Jaques
Source: Vicki Smith. 

Story: Henry Snowden (1811 - 1864)

From Vicki Smith, added to this site 16 Sep 2004

Henry was born 20 Oct 1811 at Parramatta. His father Andrew married his mother Sarah on 21 Mar 1812 at St. John's Parramatta. They were aged 44 and 35. Details of Henry's baptism supplied by descendent Aronwy Gore - No 810 Vol 148 - Henry, born 20 October 1811. Date of ceremony - 10 January 1813. Registered at St John's Parramatta on 10 January. Parents: Andrew and Sarah Snowden. Ceremony performed by Henry Fulton, Church of England. From Gwenyth Frear - In 1828 Henry was aged 17 and seemed to have inherited his father's astuteness, and was already involved with deals of his own. However, they didn't always work out how he intended, and he was frequently in trouble. Brother Andrew, on the other hand, seemed to be less enterprising, and kept out of strife!

How he came to NZ is surrounded with something of the mystery that attaches to a number of early migrants. However, his father, Andrew Snowden, who had an Inn at Parramatta, Port Jackson, is credited by one account of having helped Hongi Hika to exchange some of the many presents given him in England for muskets and powder with which to wage war on his return to NZ. From then on (according to an archives authority in NSW) the Snowdens were heroes in Maori eyes; and trade in guns, powder, spirits and escaped convicts continued per means of Andrew Snowden's schooner.

Henry Davis Snowden acquired a large area of land on the western side of the harbour from the chief Ururoa as early as 1829 - where the township of Whangaroa is now located.

Henry travelled backwards and forwards between Whangaroa and Australia during the 1830s.

In 11 Aug 1832 he was charged with Highway Robbery and Horse Stealing. On 20Aug the same year he was charged with Pig Stealing. Henry was found 'not guilty' of these crimes. (details SR T34 32/150 No 24, 32/151 No 25 and 32/163 No 37). In Feb 1835 Henry faced a jury in Parramatta on horse stealing charges. (details SR T41 No 2 & No 35).There is an article re Henry's trial in the Australian Newspaper dd 13 Feb 1835.

No record can be found of a marriage between Henry Snowden and Sophia Jaques. The first record is that of a baptism of their eldest child, Andrew born 19 Apr 1834 at Prospect and christened in St John's Church at Parramatta on 2Nov the same year.

The following year, Anne Davis was born - 17July and christened a month later. Henry was designated a farmer. The officiating minister each time was Robert Forrest. (Rev Samuel Marsden must have retired by then).

In 1835 there was a reward posted for both Andrew Jnr and Henry Snowden - from Convicts and Prisoners in Sydney 1835.

Also in 1835 Henry sued James Busby who introduced grapes to NZ, for defamation. Henry won 500 pounds.

In James McLelland - Listing of Passengers Sydney - New Zealand in 1837 per 'Minerva' - William Jaques, Mrs Davis & 2 children (Sophia Snowden and her brother William with her children Andrew and Ann both aged under three).

Henry and Sophia had three more children all born in Whangaroa - Sarah b 15Oct1837, Mary Ann b 19Jul1839 and Sophia b 18May1841. (In the Church Registers of Whangaroa - Sophia Davis, Chr & b 1841, d of Henry & Sophia Davis Alias Snowden. These baptisms were all performed by the same man, Rich'd Taylor, who then knew of Henry's use of either surname, or both).

During the four years Sophia was in NZ her husband Henry was involved in many land deals and other business ventures that would have frequently taken him away from home. When Sophia died in 1841 Henry was left with five children under seven with the youngest only a baby. No record can be found of her death.

There are several conflicting reports as to where she is buried - some say at Whangaroa above the foreshore, andother reports have it that she lies near the road to the present Shangaroa Hospital along with several other early graves. Family tradition has it that the Maori people took baby Sophia to Russell and brought her up there.

The early forties were a time of great unrest in Northland. There were the pro-European Maori, and those still fighting for their tribal ways. Henry found to his dismay that it was impossible for him to keep up his timber trade with the Bay of Islands and Auckland.But resourceful as ever, Henry looked around for an alternative trading medium. He found this in Kauri gum, so he began trading in this.

Because he knew the Maori People so well, and could speak their language, he soon had a roaring trade in this. The Maori folk had discovered by this time, that it was to their advantage to have a European who they could trust to do their business deals for the, and most tribes did their best to have a resident white man in their midst. Henry, of course, was Ururoa's man. It is quite possible that Henry also traded arms and gunpowder with the Maoris. Henry had a very close call between his schooner and that of the Government ship 'Osprey' under the command of Captain Patten. During the night his Maori friends widened a channel in the Pupuke River to allow for Henry's escape.

By Oct 1842 Henry had the first of nine children with the daughter of Chief Ururoa, Erana (known as Ellen) - Henry did not marry Ellen until 26Oct1858 at Whangaroa, N.Z. They were married by Rev Richard Davis with details registered at the Waimate Anglican Church. Henry was aged 47, Ellen 35 years. Their children were - Henry b 1842c, Harriet b 1844c - (both died young), Henry Davis b 1846, then Andrew b 1849c, John b 1851c, Robert b 1853c, Eleanor (Ellen) b 1856c, Isabella b 1859c, and Catherine b 1863c. The seven surviving children are well documented in Gwenyth Frear's book, The Snowden Saga. In a book about the town of Whangaroa by E V Sale - the Founding Families are listed as the Hayes, Shepherds, Spickmans and Snowdens. There are photos of the first three but sadly no photo of Henry Snowden. The story of Henry Davis Snowden and his family is well documented in this book.

As one descendant, Alan Wagener, summed up Henry Davis Snowden - 'went on to NZ where he proved to be a bit of a rogue, but one who marked the pioneering slate with elan, so to speak.'

Henry tried to leave both his families well provided for. He deeded land to his daughters Sarah Bell and Sophia Sherman. His two other daughters Ann Short and Mary Ann Semple had moved away so did not benefit from their father's bequests.

In 1863 he drew up a will to provide for his second family ...'to divide the same, share and share alike between all of my children (whether natural or lawfully begotten by Ellen a native woman to whom I am lately married) in such a manner that each child shall, having attained the age of twenty-one years be entitled to receive his/her share and so that in the meantime the share of each child shall be allowed to accumulate for his or her benefit...' He also specified that his sons were to get his horses already alotted to them by hin, but which still bore his brand. His farm at Kaeo and the property at Whangaroa were to remain for Ellen's benefit as long as she lived. Later in 1863 Ellen gave birth to her last child, another girl named Catherine. At some stage the Snowden family moved from the Whangaroa place and built a substantial house in the small settlement of Kaeo where Ellen lived for the rest of her life.

Andrew collapsed and died aboard his boat 'Hellen' on 3May1864. He was only 55 years of age. It was a great shock to the whole district as Henry was known far and wide. It seemed to everyone that an end to an era in the early history of European Settlement in the district was now over with his passing. Henry was given a traditional burial and his bones laid to rest with the rest of the illustrious ancestors of the area.


From AONSW CP T152/24 - Transcription as follows - Highway Robbery
In the Supreme Court - The King, against Henry Snowden William B..s and George Cain -
Highway Robbery.
Saturday 11 Aug 1832
Plea - not guilty
Verdict - not guilty
Witnesses - David Jackson, Thomas Gilby
August 10 1832 Friday
Signed J Dowling

In the third Year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord William the Fourth, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith.

New South Wales (to wit.) - Be it remembered, that John Kinchela, Esquire, Doctor of Laws, His Majesty's Attorney General for the Colony of New South Wales, who prosecutes for His Majesty in this Behalf, being present in the Supreme Court of New South Wales, now here, on the First Day of August in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty-two at Sydney, in the Colony aforesaid, informs the said Court, that Henry Snowden late of Penrith in the Colony of NSW Labourer, William B..s late of the same place Labourer and George Cain late of the same place Labourer on the Eighth day of June in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty-two with Force and Arms at Minchinbury in the Colony aforesaid, in and upon one Daniel Jackson in the Peace of God, and of Our said Lord the King, then and there being feloniously did make an assault and him the said Daniel Jackson in bodily fear and danger of his Life, then and there feloniously did put and seven promissory notes for the payment and of the value of one pound each the property of the said Daniel Jackson. The said several sum of money so as aforesaid secured and payable by and upon the said promissory notes respectively being ... .... and unsatisfied to the said Daniel Jackson, the proprietor thereof, and three pieces of the current copper coin of the Realm called pence of the monies of the said Daniel Jackson from the Person and against the Will of the said Daniel Jackson then and there feloniously and violently did steal, take, and carry away against the Form of the State in such case made and provide, and against the Peace of Our said Lord the King, His Crown and Dignity. Signed John Kinchela


(details from AONSW CP T152/23 Supreme Court - King against Henry Snowden, William B..s and George Cain. Information : SCT 34 32/149. Witnesses: Daniel Jackson and Thomas Gilby.

Aug 10 1832 Friday. Pleaded not guilty before Dowling J. Verdict: Not guilty. 1Aug1832 Henry Snowden, Penrith, Labourer and others did on 8Jun1832 with force of arms at Minchinbury in an upon Thomas Gilby did make an assault and Thomas Gilby in bodily fear and danger of his life did put one pouch of value of 6d. and 3 pieces of current silver coin called shillings, 5lbs soap of value of 2/- and 5 bags of value of 5/-, goods and chattels of Sir John Jameson, Kt.
Extra piece of paper:
In Supreme Court
Rex v. Snowden and others for pig stealing
To move for a copy of the Information upon which the prisoner was tried and declared not guilty.


AONSW CP T152/24 & SCT 34 32/150.
Supreme Court
King versus Henry Snowden, William Boys and George Cain
Witnesses: Daniel Jackson & Thomas Gilby
Aug 10 1832 Friday. Pleaded not guilty before Dowling J
Saturday 11Aug1832, verdict: not guilty

Same as previous... 8 Jun victim: Daniel Jackson who surrendered 7 promissary notes for payment value 1 pound each property of Daniel Jackson and 3 coppers called pence.)


AONSW CP T152/25 & SCT 34 32/151 -Transcription as follows - Horse Stealing In the Supreme Court, The King against Henry Snowden.
Witnesses: William Bragge, Samuel Thompson, Willm Henry Brotherton and George Lintz.
Friday Aug 10 1832 Plea of Not Guilty before Dowling J
Saturday Aug 11 1832 Plea of Not Guilty. Verdict Not Guilty.
Signature (illegible)

In the third year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord William the Fourth, by the Grace of God, of the united Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith.

New South Wales (to wit.) - Be it remembered, that John Kinchela, Esquire, Doctor of Laws, His Majesty's Attorney General for the Colony of New South Wales, who prosecutes for His Majesty in this Behalf, being present in the Supreme Court of New South Wales, now here, on the First Day of August in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty Two at Sydney, in the Colony aforesaid, informs the said Court, that Henry Snowden late of Penrith in the Colony of New South Wales, Labourer, on the Eighth Day of June in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty two with Force and Arms at South Creek in the Colony aforesaid, One mare of the price of twenty pounds of the goods and chattels of one George lintz then and there being found then and there feloniously did here take and load away against the form of the statute in such case made and provided and against the peace of our said Lord the King his Crown and Dignity - And the said Attorney General further informs the said Court here that the said Henry Snowden afterwards to wit on the same day and year cast aforesaid with force and arms at South Creek aforesaid in the Colony aforesaid One Mare of the price of Twnety pounds of the goods and chattels of one John Thompson then and there being found, then and there feloniously did stealm take, and lead away against the Form of the Statute in such case made and provided, and against the Peae of Our said Lord the King, His Crown and Dignity. and the said Attorney General further informs the Court here that the said Henry Snowden afterwards to wit on the same day and year last aforesaid with force and arms at South Creek aforesaid within Colony aforesaid One mare of the price of Twenty pounds of the goods and chattels of one Mary Thompson then and there being found these and there feloniously did steal, take and lead away against the form of the Statute in such case made and provided and against the peace of our said Lord the King, His Crown and Dignity
Signed
John Kinshela
Atty General.


(Details from AONSW CP T152/25 & SCT 34 32/151 Supreme Court
King against Henry Snowden for horse stealing.
Witnesses: William Bragge, Samuel Thompson, William Henry Brotherton, George Lintz.
Aug 10 1832 Friday. Pleaded not guilty before Dowling J.
Saturday 11 Aug 1832 verdict: not guilty
8 Jun1832 at South Creek stole one mare value 20 pounds property of George Lintz and one mare value 20 pounds property of John Thompson. Further informs the court here that the said Henry Snowden afterwards to wit on the same day and year last aforesaid with force of arms at South Creek aforesaid in the colony aforesaid did steal take and lead away one mare of 20 pounds value, the goods and chattels of Mary Thompson.)
From AONSW CT T152/37 SCT 34 32/163 - Transcription as follows - Pig Stealing/Larceny
In the Supreme Court, The King against Henry Snowden, William B..s and Henry Godfrey.
Witnesses: John Proctor, William Rope, James Polter and John Turner
Friday August 10 1832 Not Guilty Plea in front of J Dowling
Monday Aug 20 1832 Not Guilty Plea in front of Stephen J - Verdict: All, Not Guilty.

In the third year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord William the Fourth, by the Grace of God, of the united Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith.

New South Wales (to wit.) - Be it remembered, that John Kinchela, Esquire, Doctor of Laws, His Majesty's Attorney General for the Colony of New South Wales, who prosecutes for His Majesty in this Behalf, being present in the Supreme Court of New South Wales, now here, on the First Day of August in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty Two at Sydney, the Colony aforesaid, informs the said Court, that Henry Snowden late of Penrith in the Colony of New South Wales Labourer, William B..s late of the same place Labourer and Henry Godfrey late of the same place Labourer on the Eighth Day of June in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty two with Force and Arms at Mount Pleasant in the Colony aforesaid, Twenty Pigs of the price of Ten pounds of the Goods and Chattels of one Samuel Terry then and there being found, then and there feloniously did steal, take, and drive away against the Form of the Statute in such case made and provided, and against the Peace of Our said Lord the King, His Crown and Dignity. Signed John Kinchela Atty General.


(Notes from AONSW CP T152/37 SCT 34 32/163 - Supreme Court
Rex v. Henry Snowden, William Bujs, Henry Godfrey.
Pig stealing, larceny.
Witnesses: John Proctor, William Rope, James Polter and John Turner.
Friday Aug 10, 1832 pleaded not guilty before Dowling J.
Verdict: all not guilty.
8 Jun 1832 at Mt Pleasant did steal, take and lead away 20 pigs the price of 10 pounds the goods and chattels of Samuel Terry.)

Transcription as follows -
In the Supreme Court No 2 The King against Henry Snowden Free Witnesses: John Thorn, Robt Armstrong, Geo Hill, Danl Jackson, Isaac Williams and Willm Oliver.

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales, New South Wales, To wit, be it remembered that John Kinchela, of Sydney, in the Colony of New South Wales, Esquire, Doctor of Laws, His Majesty's Attorney General for the said Colony, who prosecutes for Our Sovereign Lord the King in this Behalf, being present in the Supreme Court of New South Wales, now here , on the Second Day of February in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty five at Sydney in the said Colony, informs the said Court, that Henry Snowden late of Parramatta in the Colony of New South Wales, Labourer on the twentieth Day of December in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty four with Force and Arms at Reedy Swamp in the District of Bathurst aforesaid, in the Colony aforesaid two Horses of the value of ten pounds each, one mare of the value of twenty and one cold of the Value of Five Pounds of the Goods and Chattels of one Robert Armstrong by one Charles Kable otherwise called Charles Warby then lately before feloniously stolen, taken and lead, of the said Charles Kable otherwise called Charles Warby feloniously did receive and have Re the said Henry Snowden then and there well knowning the said Goods and Chattels to have been feloniously stolen, taken and lead, to the great Damage of the said Robert Armstrong against the form of the Statute in that case made and provided, and against the Peace of Our said Lord the King, His Crown and Dignity. And the said Attorney General further informs the Court here that the said Henry Snowden afterwards to wit on the same day and year last aforesaid with force and arms at (no place written) aforesaid in the Colony aforesaid nine (?) horses of the value of one hundred pounds, one mare of the value of twenty pounds and one colt of the value of five pounds of the goods and chattels of the said Robert Armstrong by some evil disposed person to the said Attorney General unknown then lately before feloniously stolen taken and lead away of the said evil disposed person felonioiusly did receive and have re the said Henry Snowden then and there well knowing the said goods and chattels to have been felonioiusly stolen taken and lead away against the force of the statute in such case made and provided and against the Peace of our said Lord the King, His Crown and Dignity
Signed John Kinshela
Atty General


AONSW Information T 41 no 35 & 39 - Transcription as follows
In the Supreme Court, the King against Henry Snowden Free
Witnesses: John Thorn, Robt Armstrong, Geo Hill, Danl Jackson, Isaac Williams, Willm Oliver and Matthew Thomas
10th February 1835 Mr Justice Burton - Civil Jury. Plea Not Guilty. Verdict: Not Guilty
Signed George ...

In the fifth Year of the Reigh of Our Sovereigh Lord William the Fourth, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, New South Wales (to wit) - Be it Remembered, that John Kinchela, Esquire, Doctor of Laws, His Majesty's Attorney General for the Colony of New South wales, Who presecutes for His Majesty in this Behalf, Being present in the Supreme Court of New South Wales, now here, on the Second Day of February in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty five at Sydney, in the Colony aforesaid, informs the said Court, that Henry Snowden late of Parramatta in the Colony aforesaid Labourer on the twentieth Day of December in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty four with Force and Arms, at Reedy Swamp in the District of Bathurst in the Colony aforesaid, nine horses of the value of ten pounds each one mare of the value of twenty pounds and one colt of the value of five pounds of the Goods and Chattels of one Robert Armstrong then and there being found then and there feloniously did steal take and lead away against the form of the Statute in such case made and provided and against the peace of out said Lord the King, His Crown and Dignity
Signed John Kinshela
Atty General.


In the Supreme Court, The King against Henry Snowden for Receiving
11February 1835 Mr Justice Burton Civil Jury. Plea Not Guilty, Verdict Not Guilty.
Signed George ...

In the fifth Year of the Reigh of Our Sovereigh Lord William the Fourth, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, New South Wales (to wit) - Be it Remembered, that John Kinchela, Esquire, Doctor of Laws, His Majesty's Attorney General for the Colony of New South wales, Who presecutes for His Majesty in this Behalf, Being present in the Supreme Court of New South Wales, now here, on the Second Day of February in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty five at Sydney, in the Colony aforesaid, informs the said Court, that Henry Snowden late of Parramatta in the Colony aforesaid Labourer on the twentieth Day of December in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty four with Force and Arms, at Reedy Swamp in the District of Bathurst in the Colony aforesaid, Ten horses of the Value of Ten pounds each of the goods and chattels of one Robert Armstrong by one Matthew Thomas then lately before felonioiusly stolen taken and driven away of the said Matthew Thomas feloniously did receive and have, he the said Henry Snowden then and there well knowing the said goods and chattels to have been felonioiusly stolen taken and lead away to the great damage of the said Robert Armstrong against the forms of the Statute in such case made and provided and against the peace of our said Lord the King his Crown and Dignity. And the said Attorney General further informs the said court here that the said Henry Snowden on the day and year last aforesaid at Parramatte aforesaid within Colony aforesaid Ten other horses of the value of ten pounds each of the goods and chattels of the said Robert Armstrong by one Charles Warby otherwise called Charles Kable then lately before feloniously stolen taken and driven away of the said Charles Warby otherwise called Charles Kable felonioiusly did receive and have, he the said Henry Snowden then and there well knowing the said last mentioned goods and chattels to have been feloniously stolen taken and lead away to the great damage of the said Robert Armstrong against the form of the Statute in that case made and provided and against the peace of our said Lord the King his Crown adn Dignity and the said Attorney General further informs the said Court her that the said Henry Snowden on the day and year last aforesaid with force and arms at Parramatta aforesaid in the Colony aforesaid ten other horses of the value of ten pounds each of the goods and chattles of the said Robert Armstrong by some evil disposed persons to the said Attorney General unknown then lately before feloniously stolen taken and led away of the said evil disposed person felonioiusly did receive and have he the said Henry Snowden then and there well knowing the said last mentioned horses to have been feloniously stolen taken and driven away to the great damage of the said Robert Armstrong against the form of the Statute in that case made and provided and against the Peace of our said Lord theKing, his Crown adn Dignity.
Signed John Kinshela
Atty General


(Notes from AONSW - Information T 41 no 35 & 39.
Rex v. Henry Snowden
No 35 - Horse Stealing at Reedy Swamp, Bathurst.
No 39. Horse stealing at Parramatta.
Witnesses: John Thom, Robert Armstrong, George Hill, Daniel Jackson, Isaac Williams, William Oliver and Matthew Thomas.
Plea: Not guilty before Mr Justice Benton & Civil Jury.
Verdict: Not Builty on 10 Feb 1835.

2 Feb 1835. Henry Snowden late of Parramatte, labourer, 20 Dec 1834 at Reedy Swamp in the district of Bathurst did steal take and lead away nine horses at value of 10 pounds each, 1 mare valued at 20 pounds and one colt valued at 5 pounds belonging to Robert Armstrong.
Not proceeded with - verdict not guilty recorded.
NB: Daniel Jackson, one of the witnesses, also testified against Henry Snowden in 1832.)


Henry Davis Snowden's Will - Dated November 1850

This is the last will and testament of me Henry Davis Snowden of Wangaroa on the East Coast of NZ, Settler.

I hereby revoking all former and other wills by me at any time heretofore made and appointing James Kemp of Keri Keri Bay of Islands NZ aforesaid Esquire Edward Williams of Waimate Bay of Islands aforesaid Esquire and James Paul of Wangaroa aforesaid an Aboriginal Native Chief to be the executors and Trustees of this my will.

First I order and direct that all my just debts funeral and testamentary expences (sic) shall as soon as conveniently may be after my decease be paid out of my personal Estate.

I direct that as soon as conveniently may be after my decease my said Executors do sell and dispose of the whole of my personal estate not consisting of live stock and do and shall stand possessed of the proceeds thereof and all monies which I may die possessed of and also all live stock I may die possessed of upon trust to divide the same share and share alike between all my children (whether natural or lawfully begotten/by Ellen and Aboriginal Native Woman to whom I am lately married in such manner that each child shall having attained the age of twenty one years be entitled to receive his or her share and so that in the meantime the share of each child shall be allowed to accumulate for his or her benefit and my will is that the share of any child dying under the age of twenty one shall be divided amongst the survivors and any further will is that the shares of such children as shall be daughters shall be to invested for their benefit by my Executors as to place the same beyond the control of her or their present or ?(bottom of page not photocopied fully)

Henry Andrew John and Robert the several horses already allotted to them by me but which are still branded in my name to be taken by them at my decease with their increase irrespective of the foregoing disposition. I give and devise with my said Trustees their executors administrators and assigns All those lands purchased by me from the Crown situate at the Raco River Wangaroa aforesaid being part of the land exchanged by Thomas Florance and also my house and land where I now reside known as Onewhero upon must to allow by said wife Ellen to have receive and enjoy the same during the term of her natural life and from and after her decease to the use of all my child natural or otherwise begotten by me upon her body as tenants in common and not as joint tenants for ever.

And lastly I give to my said Executors and Trustees full power and authority as they shall think fit to advance any portion of the share of any child during his or her minority for his or her support education or advancement in life.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal at Auckland in NZ aforesaid this the day of November in the year of our Lord One Thousand eighteen and fifty nine.

Signed sealed published and declared by the said H D Snowden
Henry Davis Snowden as and for his last Will and
Testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request in the
presence of each other have herto subscribes our names as witnesses -
Thos Hendrson
Chas Shephenson
Alexander J Martin




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